Hit enter after type your search item
Top Loan Mortgage

View rates, learn about mortgage types and use mortgage calculators to help find the loan right for you. Prequalify or apply for your mortgage in minutes.

Chapter 7. Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP) 1. Types of Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP)

/
/
/
0 Views

1 HUD Chapter 7 Chapter 7. Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP) 1. Types of Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP) Introduction This topic contains information on the types of mortgage insurance premiums (MIP), including the purpose of MIP types of MIP, and locating additional information on MIP. Change Date November 19, a Purpose of MIP Mortgage insurance premiums (MIP) are used to protect lenders against loss in the event of a foreclosure b Types of MIP For most of its mortgage insurance programs, FHA collects an upfront mortgage insurance premium (UFMIP), and annual insurance premium, which is collected in monthly installments. Note: The monthly premium varies by program, and based on the outstanding principal balance. References: For more information on UFMIPs, see HUD , and annual MIP, see HUD c Locating Additional Information on MIP (Reference) For more information on MIP, see 24 CFR c 24 CFR , and ML

2 Chapter 7 HUD Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP) Introduction This topic contains information on upfront mortgage insurance premiums (UFMIP), including the UFMIP amount the FHA policy on UFMIP payment UFMIP late fees and interest verification of UFMIP payment prior to insurance UFMIP refunds the UFMIP 5 year refund schedule the UFMIP 7 year refund schedule cases not endorsed after 18 months, and the elimination of UFMIP refunds. Change Date March 1,

3 HUD Chapter 7 2. Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP), Continued a Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premium (UFMIP) Amount Effective for loans with case numbers assigned on or after October 4, 2010, FHA has lowered its upfront mortgage insurance premium (UFMIP) for purchase money transactions, and refinance transactions, including FHA-to-FHA credit-qualifying refinances, and non-credit qualifying streamlined refinance transactions. Exception: The upfront premium changes apply to all mortgages insured under FHA s Single Family Insurance Programs except the following: Section 223(e), Declining Neighborhoods Section 238(c), Military Impact Areas in Georgia and New York Section 247, Hawaiian Homelands Section 248, Indian Reservations Section 255, Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM) Title I, and HOPE for Homeowners (H4H). The upfront premium is charged for all amortization terms as described in the table below. MORTGAGE TYPE Purchase Money Mortgages and Full Credit Qualifying Refinances Streamline Refinances (all types) UPFRONT PREMIUM REQUIREMENT 100 BPS 100 BPS Reference: For information on MIP payment for HECMs, see HUD C.17.d, and ML

4 Chapter 7 HUD Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP), Continued b UFMIP Payment Policy The UFMIP remittance period begins on the date of loan settlement or the date of disbursement of the mortgage proceeds, whichever is later. Lenders must pay the UFMIP to FHA in a lump sum within 10 calendar days after a loan has closed. The table below describes how the lender determines the mortgage amount based on whether the UFMIP is financed into the mortgage or paid in cash. If the UFMIP is… entirely financed into the mortgage paid entirely in cash Then the mortgage amount must be rounded down to a whole dollar. Exception: If the borrower chooses to pay up to $49.99 of the UFMIP in cash, the UFMIP is not reflected in the total mortgage amount. rounded down to a multiple of $1.00. The mortgage amount must be rounded down to a multiple of $1.00, regardless of whether the UFMIP is financed or paid in cash. The UFMIP amount, that is the total mortgage amount, is not considered when determining compliance with statutory loan limits or loan-to-value (LTV) limits. The base mortgage amount must comply with the requirements. The total mortgage amount may exceed the limit by the financed UFMIP amount. Note: Any UFMIP amounts paid in cash are added to the total cash settlement amount. References: For information on annual MIP for mortgages with terms more than 15 years, see HUD e and less than 15 years, see HUD f. 7-4

Read about:   Company vs. Non-Company Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS)

5 HUD Chapter 7 2. Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP), Continued c UFMIP Late Fees and Interest The lender incurs a late fee if it pays the UFMIP beyond the FHA allowable number of days after closing. If the UFMIP is paid more than 30 days after closing, the lender is assessed a late fee plus interest and must pay both charges before FHA will endorse the mortgage for insurance. FHA reserves the right to take appropriate enforcement measures against lenders that remit UFMIP late, regardless of the lenders payment of late fees and interest d Verification of UFMIP Payment Prior to Insurance For those cases requiring payment of a UFMIP, FHA s Computerized Homes Underwriting Management System (CHUMS) verifies whether a lender has paid a sufficient UFMIP. If the UFMIP amount received by FHA is not sufficient, the case cannot be insured e UFMIP Refunds Borrowers are entitled to a partial refund of the UFMIP paid at closing if their loan closed on or after January 1, 2001, and they were paying off (or refinancing) their FHA loan within 5 years from the date of closing, or closed on or after January 1, 1994, but before January 1, 2001, and they were paying off (or refinancing) their FHA loan within 7 years from the date of closing. If the borrower is refinancing his/her current FHA loan to another FHA loan within 3 years, a refund credit may be applied to reduce the amount of the UFMIP paid on the refinanced loan. Reference: For more information on specific UFMIP earnings factors and the 5 year UFMIP refund schedule, see HUD f, and 7 year UFMIP refund schedule, see HUD g, and UFMIP and annual MIP amounts, see HUD e, and HUD f. 7-5

6 Chapter 7 HUD Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP), Continued f UFMIP 5 Year Refund Schedule Below is the 5 year UFMIP refund schedule with UFMIP earnings factors. Year Mo nth of Yea r FHA MMI FUND UPFRONT PREMIUM EARNING FACTORS FOR ALL MORTGAGE TERMINATIONS AND REFINANCES CLOSED ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, g UFMIP 7 Year Refund Schedule Below is the 7 year UFMIP refund schedule with UFMIP earnings factors. Year FHA MMI FUND UPFRONT PREMIUM EARNING FACTORS FOR ALL MORTGAGE TERMINATIONS AND REFINANCES CLOSED ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1,1994 TO DECEMBER 31, 2000 Mon th of Yea r

7 HUD Chapter

8 Chapter 7 HUD Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premiums (UFMIP), Continued h Cases Not Endorsed After 18 Months If a case is not endorsed within 18 months of closing/payment of the UFMIP, the lender is warned, by mail, of a pending refund and is advised to take action on the case. If the lender takes no action, which means that it does not wish to seek insurance, the system generates a refund, or wishes to take action and seek insurance, the lender is required to contact its MIP representative for instructions on re-applying the refund. After the funds have been re-applied, the lender must contact the Homeownership Center (HOC) and request that the case be reinstated. After reinstatement of the case, the lender must forward the case to the appropriate HOC for insuring i Elimination of UFMIP Refunds Effective for those mortgages endorsed for insurance on or after December 8, 2004, Section 223 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act 2005 amended Section 203(c)(2)(A) of the National Housing Act to eliminate refunds of the UFMIP except when a borrower refinances to another mortgage to be insured by FHA. The refund schedule for those borrowers who refinance to another FHA-insured mortgage is modified to a 3 year time period, as shown in the table below. Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premium Refund Percentages Mon th of Yea r Year

Read about:   Dwelling loans - calculators, guides and evaluate

9 HUD Chapter 7 7-9

10 Chapter 7 HUD Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP) Introduction This topic contains information on annual mortgage insurance premiums (MIP), including annual MIP payment policy assessment of late fees and interest charges automatic cancellation of the annual MIP determining when a borrower has reached the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio for annual MIP cancellation UFMIP and annual MIP for mortgages with terms more than 15 years UFMIP and annual MIP for mortgages with terms less than 15 years, and example of annual MIP increase. Change Date March 1,

11 HUD Chapter 7 3. Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP), Continued a Annual MIP Payment Policy In addition to the UFMIP described in HUD , certain mortgages require the payment of an annual premium. The amount of the annual premium is based on the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio and the term of the mortgage. For programs that require a monthly MIP, FHA must receive payment by the 10 th of the month. Effective April 18, 2011, FHA has increased annual MIPs for forward mortgage amortization terms by 25 basis points. Exception: This increase applies to all mortgages insured under FHA s Single Family Mortgage Insurance Programs except Section 223(e), Declining Neighborhoods Section 238(c), Military Impact Areas in Georgia and New York Section 247, Hawaiian Homelands Section 248, Indian Reservations Section 255, Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM) Title I, and HOPE for Homeowners (H4H) b Assessment of Late Fees and Interest Charges If the monthly MIP payment is received after the 10 th of the month, the lender is assessed a late charge, and 30 days or more after loan closing, the lender is assessed interest charges in addition to the late fee. 7-11

12 Chapter 7 HUD Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP), Continued c Automatic Cancellation of the Annual MIP For loans closed on or after January 1, 2001, FHA s annual MIP is automatically cancelled under the conditions outlined in the table below. Note: This MIP cancellation provision only applies to loans with a UFMIP. For mortgages with The annual MIP is terms more than 15 years cancelled when the LTV ratio reaches 78%, provided the borrower has paid the annual MIP for at least five years. terms 15 years and less, and LTV ratios 90% and greater References: For information on how FHA determines when a borrower has reached the 78% LTV ratio, see HUD d. For more information on UFMIP and annual MIP for mortgages with terms more than 15 years, see HUD e. cancelled when the LTV ratio reaches 78%, regardless of the length of time the borrower has paid the annual MIP. Reference: For more information on UFMIP and annual MIP for mortgages with terms less than 15 years, see HUD f. 7-12

Read about:   How to Calculate Daily Mortgage Interest

13 HUD Chapter 7 3. Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP), Continued c Automatic Cancellation of the Annual MIP (continued) For mortgages with terms 15 years and less, and LTV ratios of 89.99% and less The annual MIP is not charged. Notes: Although the annual MIP is cancelled as described above, the contract of insurance remains in force for the loan s full term. Cancellation of the annual MIP is normally based on the scheduled amortization of the loan. However, in cases where the loan payments have been accelerated or modified, cancellation can be based on the actual amortization of the loan as provided to FHA by the servicing lender. Mortgage insurance may be terminated via payment in full, conveyance for insurance benefits, or voluntary termination upon agreement between the borrower and lender. Reference: For more information on MIP cancellation and how FHA determines when a borrower has reached the 78% LTV ratio, see HUD d. 7-13

14 Chapter 7 HUD Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP), Continued d Determining When a Borrower Has Reached the LTV Ratio for Annual MIP Cancellation FHA determines when a borrower has reached the 78% LTV ratio based on the lesser of the sales price, or appraised value at origination (new appraised values will not be considered). Example: If the lesser of the sales price or appraised value at origination is $100,000, when the loan amount reaches $78,000 FHA no longer collects an annual MIP on the loan. Reference: For additional information on LTV ratios, see HUD A e UFMIP and Annual MIP for Mortgages With Terms More Than 15 Years For traditional purchase and refinance products, the annual premium is remitted on a monthly basis, and is charged on the initial LTV ratio and the length of the mortgage according to the schedule in the table below. The table below contains UFMIP and annual MIP information for mortgages with terms more than 15 years. Mortgage Insurance Premiums Loans 15 years UFMIP = 100 bps Annual Premium LTV Through 4/17/2011 On/After 4/18/ % 85 bps 110 bps % 90 bps 115 bps % None 25 bps % 25 bps 50 bps 7-14

15 HUD Chapter 7 3. Annual Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP), Continued g Example: Annual MIP Increase The table below provides an example of the change/increase in the annual MIP calculation. Average Loan Example of Annual Mortgage Insurance Premium Increase 95% LTV 30 year Term October bps April bps Sales Price $163,000 $163,000 Minimum Down payment (3.5%) $5,705 $5,705 Mortgage Amount without UFMIP $157,295 $157,295 FHA Annual MIP (monthly $118 $151 payment) Change in payment (monthly) — $

16 Chapter 7 HUD Risk Based Premiums for FHA Mortgage Insurance Change Date May 10, a FHA Policy on Risk Based Premiums FHA implemented risk based premiums on one to four unit single family mortgages effective with new FHA case number assignments on or after July 14, The premiums were based solely on the prospective borrower s credit bureau score and the loan-to-value ratio. Effective October 1, 2008, however, FHA announced a moratorium on the implementation of the risk based premium policy. References: For more information on risk based premiums for loans originated between July 14, 2008 and October 1, 2008, see ML 08-16, and the moratorium on the risk based premium policy, see ML

This div height required for enabling the sticky sidebar